Q: What is PentaPure Home Reverse Osmosis System?
PentaPure RO Systems is a Home Drinking Water System that uses the principle of reverse osmosis to remove 95-99% of all the mineral and chemical contaminants from raw tap water. PurePro products gives you the quality of bottled water with the convenience of a faucet mounted on your kitchen sink.
Q: How does Reverse Osmosis differ from a Water Filter?
Ordinary water filters use a screen to separate only particles of dirt sediment from water. Reverse osmosis employs a semipermeable membrane that removes not only particles but also an extremely high percentage of dissolved contaminants-molecule by molecule- from raw tap water.
Q: What is the membrane and how does it work?
The membrane consists of several thin layers or sheets of film that are bonded together and rolled in a spiral configuration around a plastic tub (This is also known as a thin film composite or TFC membrane.) The material of the membrane is semipermeable : it allows water molecules pass through while acting as a barrier to dissolved solids (i.e.: mineral chemical contaminants). When the feed water stream passes across the surface of the membrane, the PentaPure molecules penetrate the membrane surface, working their way around the spiral and collecting in the center tube. The remaining contaminants are concentrated and washed from the surface of the membrane down the drain.
Q: How did Reverse Osmosis get its start?
Although the idea of reversing osmosis has been known for over 10 years, the practical application is a recent development. In 1962 the U.S Government funded the first R.O. plant which processed 1000 gallons clean water per day. Today, there are more than 3000 large R.O. treatment plants, each producing more than a million gallons of drinking water each day. In 1991, the U.S. Army bought 8,000 large membranes to their mobile water purification units for troops in Desert Storm. In 1993, the U.S. Government bought another 6,300 large membranes to purify flood water in the Midwest.
Q: Will R.O. remove Sodium from the water?
YES! Reverse Osmosis was originally designed to make sea water drinkable for the navy. It is ideal for anyone on a low sodium diet.
Q: Does R.O. remove Bacteria ? Cryptosporidium?
YES! An R.O. membrane has a pore size much smaller than bacteria virus, pyrogen or the cryptosporidium parasite. When functioning properly it will remove all microorganisms from tap water and produce sterile water .
Q: What does the PentaPure series drinking water taste like?
The taste of the PentaPure water depends on the amount of contaminants in the tap water originally. If 95% of dissolved minerals and chemicals are removed, the R.O. water may taste like distilled water (no minerals), bottled water (low mineral), or natural spring water (moderate mineral content).
Q: How will the PentaPure series water affect mixed beverages?
Because reverse osmosis removes invisible contaminants that mask flavor, it allows the natural taste of your beverages to come through. You will be able to use less coffee and still get the full flavor. Concentrated beverages like orange juice will taste tangier. You will probably be drinking a lot more water as well, since many people drink soda, Kool-Aid, concentrated juices, and beer as an alternative to bad-tasting tap water. Also, PentaPure eliminates most of the lime build up on drip coffee makers, preventing the need for frequent cleaning. No longer will you find the white scum on the inside of pans after boiling water.
Q: Don't people need minerals removed from the water ?
Most of the minerals that we receive are from the foods we eat. Only a very small percentage comes from the water we drink.
Q: Where is the PentaPure series drinking water system installed ?
The PentaPure System is usually installed underneath the kitchen sink. So installers prefer to locate the equipment in the basement or in a crawl space since the water may stay cooler there, and can be easily run up to the kitchen sink, as well as to a refrigerator & additional faucets in the home.
Q: Can the PentaPure system be connected to an extra faucet ?
It only takes a 1/4" tee and tubing to run the water to a refrigerator or a extra faucet. Some families run PentaPure system to all of their bathrooms.
Q: Can you explain Osmosis ?
Assume a membrane is semipermeable, allowing water to pass through while being closed to dissolved salts. Place a membrane between two compartments in a container as shown in the figure to the right. Then place a salt solution in one half of the container and pure water in the other half. Now a fundamental scientific principle comes into play. That is, two different concentrations of liquids within the same system will try to reach equilibrium (i.e. the same concentration of contaminants) on both sides of the membrane. Of course the only way for this to happen is for pure water to pass through the membrane to the salt water side in an attempt to reach equilibrium is called OSMOSIS.
Q: What is Reverse Osmosis ?
Reverse Osmosis is the reversal of the natural flow of osmosis. In a water purification system, the goal is not to dilute the salt solution, but to separate the pure water from the salt and other contaminants. When the natural osmotic flow is reversed, water from the salt solution is forced through the membrane in the opposite direction by application of pressure-thus the term REVERSE OSMOSIS. Through this process, we are able to produce pure water by screening out the salts and other contaminants.
Q: What is the actual process of the PentaPure Home R.O. System ?
The raw tap water first flows through a 5 micron particle FILTER to remove dirt, rust and other sediment.The water then flows into a carbon briquette cartridge FILTER which takes out 98% of the chlorine andorganic chemicals. The next stage of the process is FILTER 1 micron sediment filter or the Block carbon filter to filter multi-chemical compounds and suspension.  The reverse osmosis membrane (TFC) which will separate 95-99% of the dissolved contaminants from the water molecules. The contaminants are then
washed down the drain. The next stage of the PentaPure RO SYSTEMS process is the small CARBON FILTER  removes the remaining traces of chemicals, tastes and odors. Typical Flow Chart The R.O. water is stored in a 3.2 gallons TANK. Inside the tank is a balloon-like rubber diaphragm, precharged with 8-10 psi of air. As the tank fills, the air pressure increases and pushes the water out when the faucet is opened. The final element of the PurePro Series system is a POLISHED CHROME FAUCET . It is installed on the kitchen counter or the sink. It is a dual action faucet offering intermittent flow (to fill a glass, hold the handle down) or continuous flow (to fill a coffee pot, lift the handle up).